Sweden signed onto the Kyoto accord and has taken steps to cut it’s greenhouse gas emissions. Sweden is the world leader with the rest of Europe and California trying to follow the leader. Sweden has proved that success is possible. Here is the Swedish plan:
- Through incentives and taxes encourage vehicles to run on natural gas. This will significantly reduce emissions.
- Begin to replace the natural gas with biomethane. The biomethane is collected from landfills, sewage ponds and animal waste. It is illegal to dispose of waste in Sweden. All waste is turned into biomethane. All of the methane collected would otherwise be vented into the air where it is a greenhouse gas many times more potent than CO2. Huge reductions in greenhouse gases are achieved. Natural gas is mostly methane from fossil or microbial sources so biomthane is just natural gas from natural organic sources. Sweden’s success can be measured from the fact that more than half the fuel used in natural gas vehicles is biomethane.
- Embark on a program to produce biomethane and ethanol from wood residues.
Is it any wonder that California saw Sweden’s example and decided to emulate the Swedish plan?
In a ceremony held at the Ministry of the Environment in Stockholm, representatives of the Kingdom of Sweden and the state of California signed an agreement pledging the two governments and their related industries to work together to develop bioenergy, with a particular emphasis on biomethane.
In particular, Sweden has been a global leader in terms of converting biowaste, largely agricultural material and residues, into usable biomethane. This gas is then used to either generate electricity, residential heating, or as a transportation fuel. Roughly 50 percent of the methane used to power Sweden’s natural gas vehicles comes from biological sources
More than 8,000 vehicles in Sweden are powered by a combination of natural gas and biomethane. The vehicles include transit buses, refuse trucks, and more than 10 different models of passenger cars. There are more than 25 biomethane production facilities in Sweden and 65 filling stations. The Swedish biomethane industry has been growing at an annual rate of about 20 percent over the last five years. Source:http://westernfarmpress.com/news/06-30-sweden-biomethane-fuels/
Is it any wonder that Volvo can advertise these features in their cars.
Introducing the Volvo Multi-Fuel – a high performance prototype car, optimised for running on five different fuels
Optimised for five different fuels
The Volvo Multi-Fuel is a five-cylinder, 2.0-litre prototype car (200 bhp) that runs on five different fuels; hythane (10% hydrogen and 90% methane), biomethane, natural gas (CNG), bioethanol E85 (85% bioethanol and 15% petrol) and petrol. The new concept is introduced at the Michelin Challenge Bibendum 2006 and is one of its kind.
•The whole car is optimised for high performance, driving on any of the five different fuels, says Mats Morén, Project Leader Engine at Volvo Car Corporation.The Multi-Fuel is just as safe as all Volvo vehicles, with the added bonus of being exceptionally clean. One of its benefits is that combustion of pure renewable fuels like hydrogen, biomethane and bioethanol gives negligible net contribution of fossil carbon dioxide.
British Columbia has introduced a carbon tax in an effort to reduce CO2 emissions. It remains to be seen if B.C. will follow this proven route to success.